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Air Force One – SAM 26000 & SAM 27000 Project Prestige and Power

For decades, world leaders have consistently stated that the most powerful tool the President of the United States possesses is Air Force One. The aircraft projects power, status and is one of the most useful marketing tools available to the United States. Many of those leaders respect the opportunity to visit the President at the White House, but it feels like a common occurrence to many who have even more opulent presidential residences. Very few political or world leaders get the opportunity to ride aboard Air Force One. It is a rare privilege extended to few. Those who do have the opportunity immediately understand the power and prestige that is projected by Air Force One.

The most famous of all Presidential aircraft are SAM 26000 and SAM 27000. Any aircraft which the President rides aboard is designated by the call sign “Air Force One.” The Boeing 707 commissioned by the Air Force in 1962 for President Kennedy was designated Special Air Missions (SAM) 26000. Later in 1972, SAM 27000 was commissioned. The Kennedys commissioned Raymond Loewy, a French-born American designer, to bring a sense of style and luxury to the presidential aircraft. His creative designs created the look and feel of Air Force One that we know today.

Mr. Loewy achieved fame for the magnitude of his design efforts across a variety of industries. He spent most of his professional career in the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1938. Among his designs were the Shell, Exxon, TWA and the former BP logos, the Greyhound Scenicruiser bus, Coca-Cola vending machines, the Lucky Strike package, Coldspot refrigerators, the Studebaker Avanti and Champion.

SAM 26000 and SAM 27000 served all the modern presidents through Bill Clinton. SAM 26000 carried President Kennedy to Dallas, Texas, where it served as the backdrop as the Kennedys greeted well-wishers at Dallas’s Love Field. Later that afternoon, Kennedy was assassinated, and Vice President Johnson assumed the office of President and took the oath of office aboard SAM 26000. At Johnson’s request, the SAM 26000 carried Kennedy’s body back to Washington. A decade later, SAM 26000 took Johnson’s body home to Texas after his state funeral in Washington. SAM 26000 also served President Nixon on several groundbreaking overseas voyages, including his famous visit to the People’s Republic of China and the Soviet Union, both firsts for an American president.

SAM 26000 was replaced in December 1972 by SAM 27000. It was kept as a backup until retired in 1998. Richard Nixon was the first president to use SAM 27000 as a primary aircraft. After announcing his intention to resign the presidency, Nixon boarded SAM 27000 to travel to California.

SAM 27000’s last flight as Air Force One was on August 29, 2001 when it flew President George W. Bush from San Antonio to Waco, Texas. Following the flight, it was formally decommissioned, then flown to San Bernardino International Airport (formerly Norton AFB) in California. It was dismantled and taken to the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, where it was reassembled and is on permanent display.

ADG Team with SAM 27000

 

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Ronald Reagan Presidential Library – Simi Valley, CA.

From the Factory Floor

A bronze base…

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by Gerald Olesker, CEO, ADG Lighting

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61178146 Modern Architecture Trail, Columbus, Indiana

Indiana Architecture – Have You Ever Heard of Columbus?

Somewhere in the ‘fly-over’ part of the American heartland is an architectural mecca, which most have no idea the town even exists. Annually, thousands of visitors and students of architecture flock there to explore the town and study its architecture. This city of 46,000 is ranked 6th in the nation for architectural innovation and design. It offers over 90 buildings and public art pieces by world renowned architects and artists. Columbus, Indiana is that famous and unheard of community.

Columbus is a city in the county seat of Bartholomew County, Indiana. It is a relatively small city, which has provided a unique place for noted modern architecture and public art, commissioning numerous works since the mid-20th century. Located about 40 miles south of Indianapolis, on the east fork of the White River, it is the state’s 20th largest city. It has been ranked 11th on the historic destinations list, describing the city as authentic, unique, and unspoiled.

Columbus is regularly featured in national and international publications. Even if you are not an architecture buff, learning how this small town strives for excellence is both unique and inspiring. Since the early 1940s, some of the world’s finest architects have made Columbus a virtual museum of modern architecture, with works by some of the most notable names in architecture, such as I.M. Pei, Richard Meier, Robert Venturi, Eliel and Eero Saarinen, Harry Weese, and Deborah Berke.

If you are seeking an experience that immerses you in world-renowned architecture, go visit the city of Columbus. It is one of the best cities for architecture lovers and is considered a mecca for its architectural experience. Visitors to Columbus agree that their experience can be considered unforgettable and truly unexpected!

From the ADG Jobsite

Bigger CAN be better! 

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by Gerald Olesker, CEO, ADG Lighting

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Miami Architecture: Aston Martin Channels James Bond in Downtown Miami

Aston Martin is a brand that represents the ultimate experience in high-end sports cars and is best known as the vehicle of choice of James Bond. They are now taking that luxury experience and translating it to a 66-story high rise luxury residential living in downtown Miami. This project represents their expansion outside of luxury vehicles and into luxury architectural design.

Aston Martin is a best known as a British manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers. It was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford. Steered from 1947 by David Brown, it became associated with expensive grand touring cars in the 1950s and 1960s, and with the fictional character James Bond following his use of a DB5 model in the 1964 film Goldfinger. Their sports cars are regarded as a British cultural icon. Aston Martin has held a Royal Warrant as purveyor of motorcars to HRH the Prince of Wales since 1982.

The design will bring the craftsmanship and experience of driving an Aston Martin to life by incorporating signature elements, colors and materials from the cars into the design of the interiors, common areas and amenities of the building. The stunning construction of curvilinear glass and steel is set to rise on one of the last parcels of developable land on the downtown Miami waterfront. The development’s seven penthouses and one triplex penthouse will be complemented by a range of expansive one to five-bedroom apartments.

The building will feature amenities which include a double-level fitness center overlooking the ocean, spinning studio, boxing gym, virtual golf room, art gallery, two cinemas, as well as a full-service spa, beauty salon and barber shop. These range luxury spaces will be contained within a sail-shaped building that reflects its marina location. The residents will be able to enjoy direct access to the local waters via an exclusive yacht marina. Construction has begun on the tower, with the building set to open in 2021.

From the Factory Floor

A work in progress…

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By Gerald Olesker, CEO, ADG Lighting

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Texas Architecture – The Art Deco of Fair Park

Everything in Texas is bigger! Texans have a way of making things larger than life as a way of celebrating their character and heritage. In 1936, the governor of Texas wanted to celebrate the state’s centennial in a big way! He commissioned architect George Dahl to make it happen in a Texas-sized way. Dahl went to work and constructed for the state fair more than 50 art deco buildings for the annual celebration.

The State Fair of Texas is an annual event held in Dallas at the historic Fair Park. The fair has taken place every year since 1886 except for varying periods during World War I and World War II. It begins the last Friday in September and ends 24 days later. While the State Fair of Texas considers quantifying its official attendance figures too much of a hassle, it is still consistently recognized as one of the most highly attended and best state fairs in America as well as Dallas’s signature event.

George Dahl was a prominent architect based in Dallas during the 20th century. His most notable contributions include the Art Deco structures of the State Fair of Texas at Fair Park. He oversaw planning and construction of the 1936 Texas Centennial Exposition held during the state fair. He began his career working for the Herbert M. Greene Co. in Dallas. He became a partner in Greene’s firm in 1928. In 1943, Dahl founded his own firm, George Leighton Dahl, Architects and Engineers, Incorporated, with a nationwide practice. Dahl was also a pioneer in fast-track construction. Upon his retirement in 1973, he had produced some 3,000 projects throughout the country that are estimated to be worth $2 billion.

The art deco buildings designed by Dahl and the Centennial Exposition were a hit! More than 6 million people, including President Franklin D. Roosevelt, attended the fair in 1936. The event is credited with helping pull Dallas out of the Great Depression.

From the Factory Floor

Prepping for the week 

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Gerald Olesker, CEO, ADG Lighting

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Pope Architecture Dc Design Creative Lighting Adg

Washington D.C. Architecture – Finding the Best of Pope

Washington D.C. is one of the top tourist destinations in the world. Every year, millions of tourists flood our nation’s capital for the multitude of attractions that make up the city. The city’s tourist venues are also noteworthy because of their architecture. The design, function and architecture of the city is unique. One architect contributed significantly to the face and function of the city.

The History of Washington D.C.

On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River. The exact location was to be selected by President George Washington and the land was donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, Maryland, founded in 1751, and the city of Alexandria, Virginia, founded in 1749. The new federal city was then constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown.

Washington, D.C., is a planned city. In 1791, President George Washington commissioned Pierre Charles L’Enfant, a French-born architect and city planner, to design the new capital. He enlisted Scottish surveyor Alexander Ralston to help lay out the city plan. The L’Enfant Plan featured broad streets and avenues radiating out from rectangles, providing room for open space and landscaping. He based his design on plans of cities such as Paris, Amsterdam, Karlsruhe, and Milan that Thomas Jefferson had sent to him.

The Influence of John Russell Pope

The work of John Russell Pope is the best example of the classical tradition of architecture in the United States. He was responsible for the classical elegance demanded by the federal government and wealthy private citizens during the first third of the 20th century. Most of Pope’s early designs were for very large houses for influential businessmen and other prominent people. His affinity for formal design clearly shows in his Georgian, Tudor and Federal houses.

Pope’s practice grew to include churches, commercial buildings, and master plans for five colleges and universities. However, it was the monumental public buildings that truly characterized Pope’s work and on which his reputation rests. These buildings show his adherence to the classical tradition and demonstrate his belief that monumental architecture must have its roots in ancient Greece or Rome. Here are a few of the finest examples of his work in Washington D.C.:

The Jefferson Memorial – The Jefferson Memorial features circular marble steps, a portico, a circular colonnade of Ionic order columns, and a shallow dome.

National Gallery of Art’s West Building – What makes the West Building unique is its Neoclassical style. Inside the Italian Renaissance galleries, there is travertine wainscot and hand-finished plaster walls.

National Archives Building – The National Archives offers Corinthian columns and porticos in the outer structure as well as an exhibition, coffered half dome, and two large murals inside.

DAR Constitution Hall – The Neoclassical-style DAR Constitution Hall has over 3,700 seats and more than 50 boxes. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1985.

Work of Gerald Olesker in Washington D.C. at the Holocaust Monument

 

From the Design Studio

Sketch for a Spanish revival project 

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by Gerald Olesker, CEO, ADG Lighting

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Full Moon Rising Over Seattle Washington

Seattle Architecture: It’s Not All About The Space Needle

When you think of Seattle, most think of music, art and people that push the boundaries. If you ask about an iconic building, hands down, it is the Space Needle. Most images of Seattle feature this iconic building.

The Space Needle is a landmark of the Pacific Northwest, and an icon of Seattle. It was built in the Seattle Center for the 1962 World’s Fair, which drew over 2.3 million visitors. The downtown Seattle skyline, as well as the Olympic and Cascade Mountains, Mount Rainier, Mount Baker, Elliott Bay and surrounding islands can be viewed from the top of the Needle. The trip takes 41 seconds. On windy days, the elevators slow to 5 miles per hour. In April 1999, the Seattle’s Landmarks Preservation Board designated it as a historic landmark.

But architecture in Seattle is so much more than the iconic Space Needle. The feel and character of the city is reflected in the shapes of its’ architecture. The innovation of Frank O. Gehry bursts out of Seattle Center with vibrant colors and eccentric curves. Other landmarks turn heads and attracts visitors for its unique design. Here are just a few examples of the true architecture of Seattle:

Olympic Sculpture Park – The park was opened in 2007 and houses 25 permanent sculptures by celebrated artists such as Ellsworth Kelly, Richard Serra and Louise Bourgeois.

Pioneer Square – The classic historical enclave in Seattle.

Chapel of Ignatius – A place of Catholic worship for campus Jesuits, the abstract, modern chapel was built to be an instrument of shifting daylight, mirroring a spiritual journey, particularly the experience of a Catholic Mass.

Georgetown – An industrial neighborhood is a food and drink magnet that feels like it’s in the midst of a transition.

The Thompson Seattle – Located on an ideal corner, overlooking Pike Place Market. The exterior is inspired by the change in the street grid among neighborhoods and evokes a sense of ordered motion.

From The Factory Floor

Rock crystal chandelier crated and ready to go!

 

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By Gerald Olesker, CEO, ADG Lighting

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